Muscle tone is the amount of tension a specific muscle has, according to the Department of Occupational Treatment at Royal Children’s Healthcare facility. Having reduced muscle tone will make it hard to do an activity or maintain appropriate posture. Hypotonia is a state where the strength of the muscle is significantly lowered. Hypotonia can be triggered by several elements, consisting of mental retardation, muscle dystrophy, and hereditary or chromosomal disorders.
Although reduced muscle tone can impact youngsters and parents, the symptoms could be much easier to determine in babies. According to MedLine Plus, an infant with reduced muscle tone will feel similar to a rag doll when picked up. Arms will be up to the side and legs will hang freely. When put on his back, a baby with reduced muscle tone will have problem picking up his arms or kicking out into the air. They might also have trouble keeping their head straight or raising it up.
People with low muscle tone may have problem with balance. Some kids with low muscle tone eventually learn to walk, as their muscles get stronger and establish in time. Others could never ever stroll by themselves and require the help of a walker or wheelchair. Due to the fact that of ligament and joint laxity, maintaining the correct posture to make sure balance could be challenging. When the neck likewise doesn’t have muscle tone, individuals with low muscle tone will have a tough time regulating head movement. Although grownups might be able to handle this, the absence of control over head motion could cause youngsters to lose balance and fall.
Because muscle tone is needed for many basic motor abilities, a youngster with reduced muscle tone will have difficulty lifting his head, sitting up, rolling on his stomach and crawling. The developmental delay also affects fine motor skills and could trigger trouble in things that need coordination, such as using scissors, holding on to a pencil or dressing themselves. Individuals with reduced muscle tone don’t necessarily have mental retardation, but they could’ve trouble talking or consuming because their jaws aren’t strong enough.
Although many individuals with reduced muscle tone will be able to walk, they may get tired quickly when attempting exhausting physical sports or activities. They might feel like their legs are ‘quiting under them’ when trying to run or play an involved sport. Low muscle tone can also increase the risk of hip and neck dislocations, as the muscles don’t have the strength to support the skeleton and shield it during movement.