Advantages and Disadvantages of Plyometric Exercises

Plyometrics include power jumping, repetitive bounding and quick force production. When your muscles eccentrically agreement, or reduce, then right away stretch and extend, they produce ultimate power suitable for athletic circumstances. It’s a quick motion that happens over a short duration. Plyometrics are perfect for athletes or individuals looking to improve muscle power, speed and strength. They likewise help facilitate weight loss and help tone and specify your muscles, however, these exercises aren’t without risk.

Power and Speed

Plyometrics were initially made for power athletes like sprinters, football players and gymnasts. According to Brian Mac, professional sports coach, your muscles achieve maximum power during eccentric tightenings, or muscle lengthening. When you promptly follow an eccentric tightening with a concentric– or muscle-shortening– contraction, your muscle produces a greater force. This is called the stretch-shortening cycle. Plyometric training minimizes the time between your eccentric and concentric tightenings and enhances your muscle speed and power.


With power and speed come muscular strength gains. Plyometrics can enhance strength in both your upper and lower body. Examples of lower body plyometrics are tuck jumps, squat jumps, box jumps and depth jumps. The objective of these jumps is to get higher, using your leg strength to enhance the height of your jump. Lower body plyometrics consist of clapping pushups, conditioning ball chest press toss and overhead throws. These assist improve strength in your upper body.

Weight Loss and Tone

Plyometric exercises need a great deal of energy, since they’re highly intense. They make use of the whole body and trigger many muscle groups, therefore burning lots of calories in a single session and helping in weight loss. The repetitive landing causes your whole leg muscles to agreement, assisting to enhance total tone and definition. Plyometrics integrate strength training and cardio workout, enabling you to ‘eliminate 2 birds with one stone.’


The just genuine downside to plyometric training is the high threat of injury. Like all exercise and sports, plyometric training is a continuum, where newbies start with light workout and low volume and afterwards gradually progression with gotten strength. The repeated jumping and bounding can cause tension on the joints. Don’t participate in plyometrics if you’ve arthritis or joint issues, unless cleared by your physician. If you’re inexperienced, risk of stress is raised, due to the fact that the muscles surrounding your joints are weak and couldn’t offer you the support you need.


The National Strength and Conditioning Association recommends that beginners start with 60 to 80 foot contacts. After about 4 to 6 weeks of training, progression to 80 to 120 foot contacts. Advanced exercisers and athletes can do upward of 150 foot contacts. You can securely take part in plyometrics one or two times per week on nonconsecutive days. Before beginning, do a 10-minute light cardiovascular warmup to increase blood flow to your muscles and assist avoid injury.